In part two of autoimmune diseases that cause hair loss, Psoriasis is described as an autoimmune disease that affects the skin, including the scalp. According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, at least three percent of the nation’s population has this skin disease. That adds up to approximately 7.5 million people and is seen more in people who are White than non-White.
The condition occurs when the immune system becomes overactive and speeds up skin cell growth, resulting in inflammation. One response to this inflammation is raised white plaques on the skin and scalp, accompanied by redness. Instead of shedding, skin cells accumulate on the skin, mostly on the elbows, knees and scalp.
Hair loss occurs from trauma to the scalp because of scratching or picking the plaques. The plaques also interrupt hair growth as the hair follicles are blocked. Fortunately, the hair loss is temporary, and with proper treatment, hair will grow back.
It’s best to see a dermatologist if you have the following symptoms:
- Dry Itchy scalp
- Raised plaques
- Burning sensation or soreness
- Hair loss
Depending on the severity of the case, these symptoms can interrupt daily lives and sleep. People who suffer from untreated scalp psoriasis can experience significant hair loss or thinning leading to depression.
Treatments for Psoriasis on the scalp include the use of medicated shampoos and topical treatments, deep conditioning, and lower stress levels. It is highly advised to refrain from scratching your scalp to prevent hair loss. People who have this condition can wear wigs, weaves or extensions as long as the scalp can be easily accessible for washing as recommended by a doctor. Clip-in wigs, glueless wigs and traditional installs are good hair extension options for people with the disease.
To find out more information, click the video below from the National Psoriasis Foundation.